What is Foundation Underpinning?
Underpinning is the process of strengthening the foundation of an existing home or building. MDTI’s network of certified installing contractors utilize the process of underpinning by installing a pier system (either helical or resistance) to make your foundation structurally stronger. This can take a variety of forms: extending your foundation deeper for better support or strengthening your foundation with piers or micropiles.
Underpinning can be necessary for a variety of reasons. For example, your foundation may simply have become weak and unstable over time, or there could be a problem with the type of soil your building rests on.
Underpinning may also be necessary if the use of the structure is changing, increased loads are being added, or if there is an economic benefit to reusing the original foundation rather than building a new one.
Common Reasons for Underpinning a Foundation
There are multiple reasons why underpinning may be necessary for your structure.
First, the original foundation of the building may have been poorly constructed or become weak or unstable over time. Underpinning can reinforce the strength of your foundation, providing greater stability and ensuring that your foundation will last over time.
Second, underpinning is often necessary when the usage of the structure is going to change. If the building is going to be converted for a more heavy-duty application, underpinning may be necessary to increase the capacity and reinforce the foundation.
Third, it can be a solution to problems with the soil that your structure rests upon. The properties of soil can change through consolidation or subsidence, which refers to the downward shifting of the ground over time. This can lead to soil that is less suitable for the foundation of a building. Often times the most desirable building sites have extremely poor soil conditions and require deep foundations or piers to reach adequate bearing material.
Finally, underpinning may be necessary if you are building a new structure but have found that it will be more cost-effective to reuse the existing foundation. Underpinning will secure the foundation for continued use into the future.
Foundation Underpinning Methods
The concrete underpinning method consists of digging boxes underneath the foundation and pouring additional concrete into these boxes. This process requires a staggered installation process to essentially create a second foundation under the original foundation. This underpinning method works best if the original foundation is fairly shallow in terms of depth. Often times, the soil is not suitable to support even the weight of your existing foundation. So by adding additional concrete weight, the settlement can actually be accelerated.
The concrete underpinning process can be very costly and time-consuming as the excavation around the home or building is left open while the concrete cures. Keep in mind that it takes 28 days for concrete to cure and fully achieve its strength. With today’s advances in technology, this process is very rarely used in repairing foundations and should alert any homeowner if a contractor offers this type solution.
Beam and Base
Another underpinning method is called beam and base. This technique is more advanced than the mass concrete method. It involves constructing a reinforced pre-cast concrete beam either above, below, or to replace the current footing. Then, mass concrete bases are put in place at predetermined locations, and the beam is installed to transfer the weight of the building onto these bases. Beam and base underpinning has the same disadvantages as the concrete underpinning method.
Mini-piled underpinning refers to multiple methods including pile and beam, piled raft, and cantilever pile-caps. These methods are useful if the condition of the ground varies, there is limited access, environmental pollution is an issue, or underpinning must be done with minimum movement of the structure. Without the need of concrete and mass excavations, the work area can be contained and quickly returned back to normal.
Minimally Invasive Underpinning
Finally, underpinning can be performed using injections of resin that expand. This process involves injecting a mixture created with hardener and resins into the ground of the foundation, underneath the footings. This is the newest type of underpinning and not yet in wide spread use. This process is minimally invasive and can solve issues with both the soil and the foundation. This process has some of the same advantages as mini-piles for underpinning.
Why MDTI for Foundation Underpinning Materials?
MDTI has partnered with the industry’s most trusted, most efficient performing foundation underpinning systems. To contact a local installer for a foundation repair bid, or to become a certified MDTI installer, use the contact for to the right.